Prof. Chao XI 習超教授
Professor 教授
Outstanding Fellow of the Faculty of Law
Tel (852) 3943 1142
Fax (852) 2994 2505

Room 518,
Faculty of Law,
5/F, Lee Shau Kee Building,
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong SAR

Chao XI is Professor and Vice Chancellor's Outstanding Fellow of the Faculty of Law at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, where he concurrently serves as Assistant Dean (Graduate Studies) and Director of the Master of Laws Programmes in Chinese Business Law, Common Law and International Economic Law. He also directs the Chinese Law Program of the Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies (HKIAPS), CUHK.

Professor Xi specializes in comparative corporate law, securities regulation, and financial regulation, with a particular focus on the case of China. He has published extensively in leading peer-reviewed international journals, including the Banking and Finance Law Review, European Business Organization Law Review, Journal of Business Law, and Journal of Comparative Law, Statute Law Review, and Tort Law Review. His research has received significant funding support from the Hong Kong SAR Government Research Grants Council, the PRC Ministry of Education, and the Sumitomo Foundation.

Professor Xi holds various visiting positions at institutions in Asia and Europe. He is an elected Director (and Treasurer) of the European China Law Studies Association (ECLS). He serves on the Editorial Board of a number of peer-reviewed journals, including The China Review, China-EU Law Journal, and Hong Kong Law Journal. Professor Xi is also a Member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb), UK, and he has regularly been engaged by law firms, multinationals, and government departments and agencies as an expert.

Education and Professional Qualifications

  • PhD (University of London)
  • LLM in Commercial and Corporate Law (University of London)
  • LLB (Sun Yat-Sen University)
  • Member, Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb)


  • CUHK Research Excellence Award 2009-2010
  • CUHK Vice-Chancellor’s Exemplary Teaching Award 2010
  • CUHK Young Researcher Award 2011


  • Adjunct Professor, Jilin University School of Law
  • Professorial Research Associate, SOAS China Institute, University of London
  • Research Fellow, China Renmin University Centre for Civil and Commercial Law (PRC Ministry of Education Key Research Centre of Humanities and Social Sciences)
  • Fellow, Centre for Chinese Law, The University of Hong Kong
  • Director and Treasurer, European China Law Studies Association

Research Interests

  • Chinese Law
  • Corporate Law and Governance
  • Securities Regulation
  • Financial Regulation
  • Law and Political Economy

Externally Competitive Research Grants

In the capacity of Principal Investigator

  • Principal Investigator, 'Shareholder Voting in China', General Research Fund (GRF), Hong Kong SAR Research Grants Council, 2017-2019, HK983,500
  • Principal Investigator, ‘Public Enforcement of Securities Laws in China’, General Research Fund (GRF), Hong Kong SAR Research Grants Council, 2014-2016, HK$734,750
  • Principal Investigator, ‘The Political Economy of Corporate Law Reform in China: The Rise and Decline of the UK-Style Mandatory Bid Rule as a Case Study’, General Research Fund (GRF), Hong Kong SAR Research Grants Council, 2012-2014, HK$467,059
  • Co-Principal Investigator, ‘Foreign M&A and National Industrial Security in China’, PRC Ministry of Education Key Projects of Philosophy and Social Sciences Research, PRC Central Government, 2012-2014, RMB¥800,000
  • Principal Investigator, ‘A Study on the Law and Practice of the Mandatory Bid Rule in Japan: Policy Implications for China’, The Sumitomo Foundation Grant for Japan-Related Research Projects, 2011-2012, US$9,000

In the capacity of Co-Investigator

  • Principal Co-Investigator, ‘Investor Protection Clauses in the Corporate Charters: Determinants and Effects’, PRC National Science Foundation, 2014-2017 (Principal Investigator: Yugang Chen)
  • Co-Investigator, ‘Enhancing Hong Kong’s Future as a Leading International Financial Centre’, Theme-based Research Scheme, Hong Kong SAR Research Grants Council, 2012-2017 (Principal Coordinator: Douglas Arner)
  • Co-Investigator, ‘Anatomy of a Financial Centre: A Systemic Analysis of Hong Kong’s Legal and Regulatory Framework for Its Securities Market’, Public Policy Research Project, Hong Kong SAR Research Grants Council, 2009-2012 (Principal Investigator: David Donald)

Selected Publications


  • Corporate Governance and Legal Reform in China (London: Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing, 2009)
    (reviewed in Compliance & Regulatory Journal, Journal of Business Law, and Zeitschrift für Chinesisches Recht)
  • Doing Business in China (Third Edition) (London: Routledge, 2009) (hardback and paperback) (with Tim Ambler & Morgen Witzel)
    (reviewed in China Review International: ‘[This text] has become acknowledged as the bible for laˇo wài [foreigners] seeking to crack the China market.’)

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

  • ‘The Political Economy of Takeover Regulation: What Does the Mandatory Bid Rule in China Tell Us?’ Journal of Business Law (forthcoming)
  • ‘The Political Economy of Cumulative Voting: The Case of China’ Asian Business Lawyer (forthcoming)
  • ‘Why Has Basel III Become Hard Law for China? The Domestic Political Economy of International Financial Law’ in Ross Buckley, Douglas Arner and Avgouleas Emilios (eds), Rethinking Global Finance and Its Regulation (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming)
  • ‘From Rule-Taker to Rule-Maker: China and International Banking Regulation’ in Friedl Weiss and Kammel Armin (eds.) The Changing Landscape of Global Financial Governance and the Role of Soft Law (Brill, forthcoming)
  • ‘Does Cumulative Voting Matter? The Case of China: An Empirical Assessment’ (2014) 15 European Business Organization Law Review 585 (with Yugang Chen)
  • ‘Domestic Politics as International Norms: China’s Changing Roles in International Banking Regulation’ 2014 (30) Banking and Finance Law Review 69
  • Ralls Corporation v Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States: National Security Review in the United States and its Implications for China’ (2014) 54 Journal of Sun Yat-Sen University (Social Science Edition) 199 (with Shanmin Li and Ziqiang Wan)
  • ‘Local Courts as Legislators? Judicial Lawmaking by Sub-National Courts in China’ (2012) 33 Statute Law Review 39
  • ‘Corporate Governance and Institutional Shareholder Activism in China: Three Lessons’ (2012) 11 The Smart Manager 52
  • ‘The Rise and Decline of the Reversal of the Burden of Proof in China’s Medical Negligence Law: A Political Economy of Lawmaking Perspective’ (2012) 12 The China Review 33 (with Lixin Yang)
  • ‘Las Instituciones Gubernamentales’, in Gabriel García-Noblejas (ed), China. Pasado y Presente de una Gran Civilización (Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2012) 221
  • ‘Piercing the Corporate Veil in China: How Did We Get There?’ (2011) 55 Journal of Business Law 413
  • ‘Medical Liability Laws in China: The Tale of Two Regimes’ (2011) 19 Tort Law Review 65 (with Lixin Yang)
  • ‘Qualified Domestic Institutional Investors’ in Lutz-Christian Wolff (ed), China Outbound Investments (Hong Kong: CCH, 2011) 71
  • ‘National Reports: The People’s Republic of China’ in Christopher Hodges, Stefan Vogenauer and Magdalena Tulibacka (eds), The Costs and Funding of Civil Litigation: A Comparative Perspective (Oxford: Hart, 2010) 261 (with Michael Palmer)
  • ‘Who Writes Corporate Law Rules? The Making of the ‘Piercing the Corporate Veil Rule’ as a Case Study’ in Guanghua Yu (ed), The Development of the Chinese Legal System: Change and Challenges (London: Routledge, 2010) 159
  • ‘The Globalization of Class Actions: China’ (2009) 622 The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 270 (with Michael Palmer)
  • ‘Foreign Solutions for Local Problems? The Use of US-Style Fiduciary Duties to Regulate Agreed Takeovers in China’ (2008) 6 Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies 407
  • ‘In Search of an Effective Monitoring Board Model: Board Reforms and the Political Economy of Corporate Law in China’ (2006) 22 Connecticut Journal of International Law 1
  • ‘Institutional Shareholder Activism in China: Law and Practice (Part 1)’ (2006) 17 International Company and Commercial Law Review 251
  • ‘Institutional Shareholder Activism in China: Law and Practice (Part 2)’ (2006) 17 International Company and Commercial Law Review 287
  • ‘Private Enforcement of Securities Law in China: Daqing Lianyi Co v ZHONG Weida and Others (2004) Heilongjiang High Court’ (2006) 1 Journal of Comparative Law 492
  • ‘Transforming Chinese Enterprises: Ideology, Efficiency and Instrumentalism in the Process of Reform’ in John Gillespie and Pip Nicholson (eds), Asian Socialism and Legal Change: The Dynamics of Vietnamese Renewal and Chinese Reform (Canberra: ANU Press & Asia Pacific Press, 2005) 91
  • ‘Letter of Credit Fraud: A Legal Perspective’ (2001) 18 Guangdong Social Sciences 113-119

Reports and Submissions

  • ‘Recognition and Enforcement of Hong Kong Collective Action Judgments by Chinese Courts’ (2008), invited submission to the Sub-committee on Class Actions of the Hong Kong Law Reform Commission
  • Collective and Representative Actions in China’ (2007), National Report to the University of Oxford Centre for Socio-Legal Studies and the Stanford Law School joint project on ‘Global Class Actions Exchange’ ( (with Michael Palmer)